v. Dr.G. Schneider, Windhoek 304 Seiten, 2004 Since the beginning of the last century, Namibia has attracted scientists from all over the world to study the geology, uniquely exposed in the desert environment. Their research has shaped geological thinking worldwide, and led to the development of many new concepts. Research has been varied and widespread, as demonstrated by the numerous publications on Namibian geology. To name but a few, the work of Hans Cloos provided new insights into the formation of igneous rocks in the 1920s. Research targeting the famous Late Proterozoic Ediacaran fauna, which was first found in Namibia, changed our ideas of the evolution of life on this planet in the 1960s, and the concept of Plate Tectonics was greatly enhanced through studies in the famous Damara Orogen of Namibia in the 1970s and 1980s. More recently, research on glacial sediments within the Damara Orogen has led to the development of the concept of global glaciations, the so-called Snowball Earth concept. Due to its arid climate and low population density, geological features are ever present and eye-catching in Namibia. The sparse vegetation coupled with a limited number of towns and only isolated settlements leave ample open spaces to observe geological features. It is for these reasons, that both scientists and laymen are attracted to the country, and many a tourist develops a keen interest in geology when touring this beautiful country. This Roadside Geology Guide has been prepared in response to a growing demand for geological information. The guide provides a general introduction into the geological development of southern Africa and Namibia in particular, followed by general chapters on mineralogy, palaeontology, hydrogeology and mining. Special geological attractions of Namibia are then described in detail. The route descriptions are based on the 1999 simplified 1:2 000 000 geological map of Namibia, published by the Geological Society of Namibia. This simplified map is based on the 1:1 000 000 scale geological map of Namibia which was published by the Geological Survey of Namibia in 1980.
Hoffmann / Meschede / Zacke / Al Kindi 2016, 283 Pages with 227 Pictures.The geology of Oman is spectacular – for the touristic layman and the geologist alike. Exceptionally well exposed rocks offer a fascinating outcrop experience, second to none. The scenery is unique, and often breathtaking. The Samail Ophiolite (former sea floor you can walk on), mountain ranges, of more than 3000 m altitude, and deeply incised canyons with turquoise-coloured perennial streams, contrast with dry but golden sand deserts. Coastal areas with kilometres of white beaches are waiting to be discovered.This geological guidebook has two parts: The first provides a general introduction to the geology of Oman, and enables the reader to put the variety of geological phenomena and observations into a scientific context. The authors emphasise describing the processes that led to the formation of Oman's rocks and landscapes formed over millennia of Earth history. Following the introductory chapters on archaeology, climate, and vegetation, the geomorphological and geological aspects of Oman are presented.The second and largest part of the guide consists of meticulous descriptions of 99 excursion points located across the northeast of the country. The challenge in Oman is to decide where not to stop, rather than the other way round. The authors, therefore, have carefully selected the most interesting and important sites. The excursion points can easily be located by their coordinates, or may also be visited using the detailed roadmaps provided for each single outcrop. A large number of colour illustrations, a geological overview map, an index, and a list of references complete the content of the guide.As the book is written in a textbook style and presents the geology in a comprehensible way, a broad understanding is facilitated. Therefore, this field guide not only addresses geologists but also amateurs, visitors and travellers exploring the beauty and the significance of Oman geology.